Biomass




EISENHARDT supplies biomass from Argentina, Brazil and Spain directly from biggest producers.

We are in position to supply 20,000Mt of biomass per month in bulk. We are mainly interested in long term Contracts in order to organize our production.

Biomass, as a renewable energy source, is biological material from living, or recently livieng organisms. As an energy source, biomass can either be used directly, or converted into other energy products such as biofuel.

The term biomass is actually an abbreviation of the term biological mass and describes the quantity of recently livieng materials (plants, animals, algon with their products) wihch can be found on certain parte of Earth´s surface. It is the most famous from different discussions about the biomass energy, or to be more precise about the fuels that can be manufactured directly o indirectly from different biological sources. Biomass is the renewable energy source founded on carbon cycle which makes biomass different compared to other natural sources like oil, coal and nuclear fuels. Although fossil fuels (oil, coal) have their origin in ancient biomass, they arenot considered biomass by the generally accepted definition because they contain carbon that has been "out" of the carbon cyble for a very long time. Biomass energy from the wood, crop leftlovers and fertilizers are primary energy sources in developed regions.

In some areas biomass is the biggest energy sources like this is the case in Brazil where ethanol is manufactured from sugar cane or in China´s region Sichuan where fuel is made out of fertilizers.

If we look at the United States we can see that corn, high prairie grass and soy are mostly used in biofuels manufacturing while in Europe wheat, colza and sugar cane are primary energy generating products for biofuels manufacturing.

Palm oil has the edge in Southeast Asia and in China sorghum and tapioca. There are lots of ongoing researches that try to improve biofuels manufacturing process but its main economic rival, namely the oil slow down these aspirations keeping it in early development stages.



Biomass Sources

Biomass is carbon, hydrogen and oxygen based. Biomass energy is derived from five distinct energy sources: garbage, wood waste, landfill gases, and alcohol fuels. Wood energy is derived both from direct use of harvested wood as a fuel and from wood waste streams.

The largest source of energy from wood is pulping liquor or "black liquor", a waste product from precesses of the pulp, paper and paperboard industry. Waste energy is the second-largest source of biomass energy. The main contributors of waste energy are municipal solid waste (MSW), manufacturing waste, and landfill gas. Biomass alcohol fuel, orethanol, is derived primarily from sugarcane and corn. It can be used directly as a fuel or as an additive to gasoline.

Biomass can be converted to other usable forms of energy like methane gas or transportation fuels like ethanol and biodiesel. Rotting garbage, and agricultural an human waste, release methane gas -also called "landfill gas" or "biogas". Crops like corn and sugar cane can be fermented to produce he transportation fuel, ethanol Biodiesel, another transportation fuel, can be produced from left-over food products like vegetable oils and animal fats. Also, Biomass to liquids (BTLs) and cellulosic ethanol are still under research.

The biomass used for electricity production ranges by region. Forest by-products, such as wood residues, are popular in the United States. Agricultural waste is common in Mauritius (sugar cane residue) and Southeast Asia (rice husks). Animal husbandry residues, such as poultry litter, are popular in the UK.